Wisdom teeth are the four permanent teeth which develop in the back corners of your mouth during young adulthood. These teeth used to be necessary for the diet of our early ancestors, but now they are no longer needed. The jaw isn’t large enough to hold wisdom teeth, so they often do not come in properly, becoming impacted. This can result in problems such as decay, gum disease, damage to the other teeth, and even the development of cysts and tumors. For this reason, wisdom teeth are often removed through the following procedure:
- Your dentist will numb your mouth with a local anesthetic. They may also use sedation or general anesthesia as well depending on how extensive the surgery needs to be.
- The dentist will make an incision in the gum tissue above where the wisdom teeth are located.
- The bone surrounding the tooth root of the wisdom teeth may need to be removed.
- The teeth are divided into sections to make them easier to take out.
- The wisdom teeth are then removed.
- Any remaining debris is cleaned out of the extraction site.
- The gums are stitched to close the area.
- A gauze pad is placed over the extraction site to prevent excess bleeding and to aid the formation of a blood clot (which helps heal the tissue and protects bone and nerves).
Your dentist is qualified to give you the best care possible for wisdom tooth removal. Also do not forget to follow the after-care steps they will give you to ensure that your mouth heals properly.